Joseph Shapiro http://wamc.org en National Data Confirm Cases Of Restraint And Seclusion In Public Schools http://wamc.org/post/national-data-confirms-cases-restraint-and-seclusion-public-schools The practice of secluding or restraining children when they get agitated has long been a controversial practice in public schools. Now, new data show that it's more common than previously understood, happening at least 267,000 times in a recent school year.<p>NPR worked with reporters from the investigative journalism group ProPublica, who compiled data from the U.S. Wed, 18 Jun 2014 21:59:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 92928 at http://wamc.org National Data Confirm Cases Of Restraint And Seclusion In Public Schools Michigan's High Court Limits The Fees Billed To Defendants http://wamc.org/post/michigans-high-court-limits-fees-billed-defendants Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>And I'm Melissa Block. Michigan's top court, today, moved to put limits on what local governments can charge defendants who go through the court system. The court ruled in a case we told you about last month of a man who got billed more than a thousand dollars for his court costs. Wed, 18 Jun 2014 21:32:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 92923 at http://wamc.org Court Fees Drive Many Poor Defendants Underground http://wamc.org/post/court-fees-drive-many-poor-defendants-underground The use of fines and fees charged to criminal defendants has exploded. <a href="http://www.npr.org/2014/05/19/312158516/increasing-court-fees-punish-the-poor">An NPR investigation</a> has found people who can't afford those charges can go to jail for not paying. Hundreds of thousands are hiding from police and the courts. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Wed, 21 May 2014 20:39:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 90994 at http://wamc.org Supreme Court Ruling Not Enough To Prevent Debtors Prisons http://wamc.org/post/supreme-court-ruling-not-enough-prevent-debtors-prisons Debtors prisons were outlawed in the United States nearly 200 years ago. And more than 30 years ago, the U.S. Supreme Court made it clear: Judges cannot send people to jail just because they are too poor to pay their court fines.<p>That decision came in a 1983 case called <em>Bearden v. Georgia</em>, which held that a judge must first consider whether the defendant has the ability to pay but "willfully" refuses.<p>However, the Supreme Court didn't tell courts how to determine what it means to "willfully" not pay. Wed, 21 May 2014 09:22:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 90929 at http://wamc.org Supreme Court Ruling Not Enough To Prevent Debtors Prisons Big Fees For The Big Easy's Poorest Defendants http://wamc.org/post/big-fees-big-easys-poorest-defendents In the next installment of an <a href="http://www.npr.org/series/313986316/guilty-and-charged">NPR investigation</a>, Joseph Shapiro goes to New Orleans to look at the ways poor people are charged for their public defender in court. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.<img src="http://www.google-analytics.com/__utm.gif?utmac=UA-5828686-4&utmdt=Big+Fees+For+The+Big+Easy%27s+Poorest+Defendants&utme=8(APIKey)9(MDAyOTk4OTc0MDEyNzcxNDIzMTZjM2E3Zg004)"/></div><p>Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. Tue, 20 May 2014 20:37:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 90904 at http://wamc.org Unpaid Court Fees Land The Poor In 21st Century Debtors' Prisons http://wamc.org/post/unpaid-court-fees-land-poor-21st-century-debtors-prisons Debtors' prisons were outlawed in the United States back before the Civil War. But an NPR <a href="http://www.npr.org/2014/05/19/312455680/state-by-state-court-fees">state-by-state survey</a> found that people still get sent to jail for unpaid court fines and fees. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Tue, 20 May 2014 10:17:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 90830 at http://wamc.org As Court Fees Rise, The Poor Are Paying The Price http://wamc.org/post/court-fees-rise-poor-are-paying-price In Augusta, Ga., a judge sentenced Tom Barrett to 12 months after he stole a can of beer worth less than $2.<p>In Ionia, Mich., 19-year-old Kyle Dewitt caught a fish out of season; then a judge sentenced him to three days in jail.<p>In Grand Rapids, Mich., Stephen Papa, a homeless Iraq War veteran, spent 22 days in jail, not for what he calls his "embarrassing behavior" after he got drunk with friends and climbed into an abandoned building, but because he had only $25 the day he went to court.<p>The common thread in these cases, and scores more like them, is the jail time wasn't punishment for Mon, 19 May 2014 20:51:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 90806 at http://wamc.org As Court Fees Rise, The Poor Are Paying The Price Campus Rape Reports Are Up, And Assaults Aren't The Only Reason http://wamc.org/post/campus-rape-reports-are-and-assaults-arent-only-reason The number of "forcible rapes" that get reported at four-year colleges increased 49 percent between 2008 and 2012. That's the finding of an analysis by NPR's Investigative Unit of data from the Department of Education.<p>That increase shows that sexual assault is a persistent and ugly problem on college campuses. Wed, 30 Apr 2014 22:18:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 89425 at http://wamc.org Campus Rape Reports Are Up, And Assaults Aren't The Only Reason Shooting Unfairly Links Violence With Mental Illness — Again http://wamc.org/post/shooting-unfairly-links-violence-mental-illness-again With the Army's disclosure that Army Spc. Ivan Lopez was being evaluated for post-traumatic stress disorder before he went on a shooting rampage Wednesday, there were once again questions about whether the Army could have prevented the violence at Fort Hood.<p>Experts in mental health say (even as <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/04/03/298708884/what-do-we-know-about-the-fort-hood-gunman">more facts</a> about Lopez emerge) that it's highly unlikely the violence could have been predicted. Thu, 03 Apr 2014 23:14:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 87417 at http://wamc.org Shooting Unfairly Links Violence With Mental Illness — Again Mastermind Of 'Body Stealing' Scheme Dies http://wamc.org/post/mastermind-body-stealing-scheme-dies Dr. Michael Mastromarino died Sunday after battling liver and bone cancer. He was 49.<p>Mastromarino pleaded guilty to "body stealing." In 2008, he was sentenced to up to 58 years in prison.<p>But he continued to insist that he'd been misunderstood. He spoke to NPR, working with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, last year from a prison near Buffalo, N.Y.<p>As soon as we'd clipped on his microphone and before we could even test the recording level, the tall, bald man in a green prison jumpsuit was defending himself. Wed, 10 Jul 2013 19:29:45 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 68902 at http://wamc.org Mastermind Of 'Body Stealing' Scheme Dies