New York Governor Andrew Cuomo is set to deliver his State of the State address in Albany on Wednesday. The speech kicks off a challenging year of budget deficits and re-election races.
Cuomo begins his eighth year in office facing the largest budget deficit since 2011. New York is short $4.4 billion, and there’s uncertainty over federal policies, including the overhaul of the tax code, that could leave the state with even a bigger budget hole in the future.
The Democrat fought unsuccessfully to reverse the elimination of the deduction for state and local taxes, which harms some middle class and wealthy taxpayers in the state. Cuomo, speaking on CNN over the holidays, says he’ll announce in his State of the State a plan to re-engineer the state’s tax code to try to mitigate the effects.
“We're going to propose a restructuring of our tax code, “Cuomo said on the CNN program New Day. “I'm not even sure what they did is legal and constitutional and that's something we're looking at now.”
Cuomo says his legal experts are looking into whether the state can file a lawsuit against what he says is double taxation.
New York, New Jersey and California are among states considering back door ways to restore the deductions. One proposal would convert state income taxes to a payroll tax on employers, which is still deductible. Another would re classify state income taxes as charitable contributions to state government, allowing taxpayers to then claim the payments as deductions on their federal income taxes.
Ron Deutsch, with Fiscal Policy Institute, a union-affiliated economic think-tank, says the ideas do seem a bit farfetched, but he says states with higher local taxes may have to get “creative” to prevent being harmed by the new tax changes.
“I don’t think there are any crazy ideas at this point,” Deutsch said. “There are just ideas that need to be trotted out and tested.”
Deutsch says New York already pays $48 billion more to the federal government each year than it gets back.
The state’s Conservative Party offered another solution to make up for the loss of the state and local tax deductions, saying in a statement that New York, a relatively high tax state, should simply spend less money and work to lower taxes.
Cuomo has released several proposals in advance of his Wednesday speech, including changing how the state responds to allegations of sexual harassment.
His proposal, released Tuesday, would end non-disclosure agreements for victims, and no longer require state taxpayers to fund payouts after a lawmaker or state official settles a sexual harassment case. Those accused would have to make the payments themselves. Private companies that hold contracts with the state would also be required to disclose any cases of sexual assault or harassment that occurred in their businesses.
Libby Post, co-founder of the women’s rights group CapitalWomen, applauds the proposals.
“This is an incredible step forward for women,” said Post. “To have a more cooperative workplace and a safer workplace.”
It’s believed New York has paid several hundred thousand dollars in sexual harassment settlements in recent years.
The governor recently let go a top economic development official, Sam Hoyt, after Hoyt personally paid a woman $50,000 after she accused him of harassing her. Hoyt has not admitted any wrong doing.
2018 is an election year for statewide offices, and Cuomo has said he’s interested in seeking a third term, though he has not yet formally announced his candidacy. The governor so far has no official Democratic primary opponent, but several Republicans have said they may challenge him.
Before the November elections, several of the governor’s former associates, including a former top aide, go on trial for corruption. Cuomo has not been accused of any wrong doing.
The governor is also considered a potential Democratic candidate for president in 2020, though Cuomo has not said he’s interested in running. But many in the political world will view his speech as a possible prelude to a national race.