Science & Technology

Albany, NY – Stephanie Kwolek (b.1923). She dreamed of becoming a fashion designer and later, a doctor. Stephanie didn't exactly do either, but the clothing she helped make saves lives. She is the chemist who invented Kevlar, the material used in bullet-proof vests.

Albany, NY – Gertrude Elion (1918-1999). As a Nobel Prize-winning biochemist and pharmacologist, Gertrude helped develop drugs to treat leukemia and arthritis, and prevent organ rejection.

Albany, NY – Frances Gabe (b.1915). Hate housework? Invent your way out of it! Frances Gabe did. She invented the self-cleaning house.

Albany, NY – Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910-1994). While chemists around the world were trying to identify the composition of penicillin, Dorothy amazed them all by using x-rays to determine its structure.

Albany, NY – Grace Hopper (1906-1992). Grace was a pioneering computer scientist and Navy Admiral. She invented the compiler, the first program to translate computer programming language.

Albany, NY – Helen Taussig (1898-1986). Helen was almost deaf, so she diagnosed heart conditions by listening with her fingers. She eventually solved the mystery of blue baby syndrome.

Albany, NY – May Edward Chinn (1896-1980). May was the first African American woman to graduate from the Bellevue Hospital Medical College. She practiced medicine in Harlem for 50 years.

Albany, NY – Edith Quimby (1891-1982). As a pioneer in radiology, Edith helped physicians determine more precise doses of radiation needed for cancer treatment with the fewest side effects.

Albany, NY – Elizabeth Lee Hazen (1885-1975) and Rachel Fuller Brown (1908-1980). Elizabeth was a microbiologist and Rachel was a chemist. Their collaboration led to a vaccine for pneumonia and one of the first effective antifungal medications.

Albany, NY – Alice Evans (1881-1975). She began her career trying to make cheese taste better, but her research eventually led to laws mandating the pasteurization of milk.

Albany, NY – Lillie Rosa Minoka Hill (1876-1952). This daughter of a Mohawk Indian woman and a Quaker doctor ran a kitchen clinic out of her Wisconsin farmhouse for 47 years.

Albany, NY – Sara Josephine Baker (1873-1945). Dr. Joe was the first woman to earn a doctorate in public health from New York University. She spent her career working to improve health care for the poor.

Albany, NY – Ellen Churchill Semple (1863-1932). Ellen was an influential geographer. She was among the first to write about the ways the natural environment impacted the course of human history.

Albany, NY – Emily Roebling (1843-1903). Much of the construction of the iconic Brooklyn Bridge was directed by the architect's daughter-in-law, Emily.

Albany, NY – Mary Walker (1832-1919). She was a surgeon in the Civil War, and the first and only woman to be awarded the Medal of Honor.

Albany, NY – Marie Lavoisier (1758-1836). An arranged marriage led her to an unexpected role in the history of chemistry. As a laboratory assistant, translator, and scientific illustrator, Marie was instrumental in her husband's discoveries in chemistry.

Albany, NY – Emmy Noether (1882-1935). She went into the family business as a young girl, but Emmy soon surpassed her father and her brothers as a mathematician, proving concepts behind Einstein's theory of relativity.

Albany, NY – Elizabeth Blackwell (1821-1910). The first woman to earn a medical degree, Elizabeth was rejected from 29 medical schools before being accepted. She graduated at the top of her class.

Albany, NY – Mary Somerville (1780-1872). With almost no formal education, Mary became the most accomplished science writer of her time. The term scientist was coined to describe her.

Albany, NY – Maria Agnesi (1718-1799). This brilliant daughter of Italian nobility spoke five languages, wrote the first books on abstract geometry, and dreamed of being a nun.

Albany, NY – Anna Morandi Manzolini (1716-1774). Anna was an artist who sculpted detailed anatomical models out of wax that were used in medical schools for centuries to come.

Albany, NY – Laura Bassi (1711-1778). This Italian mother of 12 became the first female professor of physics. She also successfully petitioned her university employer for more responsibility and a higher salary.

Albany, NY – Lilavati (12th century). A noted Indian mathematician wrote a book used to teach algebra called Lilavati (or Leelavati). The book was named after his daughter who was also an excellent mathematician.

Albany, NY – Theano (6th century). Students of algebra are familiar with the Golden Mean, but they may not know who discovered it. Many think it was Pythagoras, but some scholars believe it may have been his wife, Theano.

Albany, NY – Data shows that fewer African American women than white women in STEM college programs are continuing on to graduate school. To figure out why this disparity exists, a doctoral candidate at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Ramona Hart, is conducting research to understand undergraduate African American students' perceptions of graduate education in STEM disciplines. Ms. Hart's research points to systemic failures in higher education that may be affecting students' feelings about pursuing advanced degrees.

NY – An experiment that could pave the way for changing the off-track betting landscape is about to make its debut on a BlackBerry near we hear in this report from WAMC's Dave Lucas. COPYRIGHT 2008 BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Berkshire County, MA – A privately held family company in the Berkshires is selling a minority interest to a New York based investment partnership. More from WAMC's Carrie Saldo. COPYRIGHT 2008 BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

MA – Former Gov. Mitt Romney hoped to be at the Republican National Convention as his party's presidential nominee, but he may have to settle for being leader of the Massachusetts delegation instead. WAMC's Carrie Saldo has the details. COPYRIGHT 2008 BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Springfield, MA – Massachusetts' highest court has ruled that Governor Deval Patrick was within his rights to fire the chief medical examiner in Massachusetts. WAMC's Carrie Saldo has this report. COPYRIGHT 2008 BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

MA – The state auditor in Massachusetts says delays in processing criminal traffic convictions are keeping unsafe drivers on the road for years. More from WAMC's Carrie Saldo. COPYRIGHT 2008 BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.