Science & Technology

Albany, NY – Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910-1994). While chemists around the world were trying to identify the composition of penicillin, Dorothy amazed them all by using x-rays to determine its structure.

Albany, NY – Grace Hopper (1906-1992). Grace was a pioneering computer scientist and Navy Admiral. She invented the compiler, the first program to translate computer programming language.

Albany, NY – Helen Taussig (1898-1986). Helen was almost deaf, so she diagnosed heart conditions by listening with her fingers. She eventually solved the mystery of blue baby syndrome.

Albany, NY – May Edward Chinn (1896-1980). May was the first African American woman to graduate from the Bellevue Hospital Medical College. She practiced medicine in Harlem for 50 years.

Albany, NY – Edith Quimby (1891-1982). As a pioneer in radiology, Edith helped physicians determine more precise doses of radiation needed for cancer treatment with the fewest side effects.

Albany, NY – Elizabeth Lee Hazen (1885-1975) and Rachel Fuller Brown (1908-1980). Elizabeth was a microbiologist and Rachel was a chemist. Their collaboration led to a vaccine for pneumonia and one of the first effective antifungal medications.

Albany, NY – Alice Evans (1881-1975). She began her career trying to make cheese taste better, but her research eventually led to laws mandating the pasteurization of milk.

Albany, NY – Lillie Rosa Minoka Hill (1876-1952). This daughter of a Mohawk Indian woman and a Quaker doctor ran a kitchen clinic out of her Wisconsin farmhouse for 47 years.

Albany, NY – Sara Josephine Baker (1873-1945). Dr. Joe was the first woman to earn a doctorate in public health from New York University. She spent her career working to improve health care for the poor.

Albany, NY – Ellen Churchill Semple (1863-1932). Ellen was an influential geographer. She was among the first to write about the ways the natural environment impacted the course of human history.

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