Science & Technology

Albany, NY – Edith Quimby (1891-1982). As a pioneer in radiology, Edith helped physicians determine more precise doses of radiation needed for cancer treatment with the fewest side effects.

Albany, NY – Elizabeth Lee Hazen (1885-1975) and Rachel Fuller Brown (1908-1980). Elizabeth was a microbiologist and Rachel was a chemist. Their collaboration led to a vaccine for pneumonia and one of the first effective antifungal medications.

Albany, NY – Alice Evans (1881-1975). She began her career trying to make cheese taste better, but her research eventually led to laws mandating the pasteurization of milk.

Albany, NY – Lillie Rosa Minoka Hill (1876-1952). This daughter of a Mohawk Indian woman and a Quaker doctor ran a kitchen clinic out of her Wisconsin farmhouse for 47 years.

Albany, NY – Sara Josephine Baker (1873-1945). Dr. Joe was the first woman to earn a doctorate in public health from New York University. She spent her career working to improve health care for the poor.

Albany, NY – Ellen Churchill Semple (1863-1932). Ellen was an influential geographer. She was among the first to write about the ways the natural environment impacted the course of human history.

Albany, NY – Emily Roebling (1843-1903). Much of the construction of the iconic Brooklyn Bridge was directed by the architect's daughter-in-law, Emily.

Albany, NY – Mary Walker (1832-1919). She was a surgeon in the Civil War, and the first and only woman to be awarded the Medal of Honor.

Albany, NY – Marie Lavoisier (1758-1836). An arranged marriage led her to an unexpected role in the history of chemistry. As a laboratory assistant, translator, and scientific illustrator, Marie was instrumental in her husband's discoveries in chemistry.

Albany, NY – Emmy Noether (1882-1935). She went into the family business as a young girl, but Emmy soon surpassed her father and her brothers as a mathematician, proving concepts behind Einstein's theory of relativity.