Science & Technology

Albany, NY – Mary Walker (1832-1919). She was a surgeon in the Civil War, and the first and only woman to be awarded the Medal of Honor.

Albany, NY – Marie Lavoisier (1758-1836). An arranged marriage led her to an unexpected role in the history of chemistry. As a laboratory assistant, translator, and scientific illustrator, Marie was instrumental in her husband's discoveries in chemistry.

Albany, NY – Emmy Noether (1882-1935). She went into the family business as a young girl, but Emmy soon surpassed her father and her brothers as a mathematician, proving concepts behind Einstein's theory of relativity.

Albany, NY – Elizabeth Blackwell (1821-1910). The first woman to earn a medical degree, Elizabeth was rejected from 29 medical schools before being accepted. She graduated at the top of her class.

Albany, NY – Mary Somerville (1780-1872). With almost no formal education, Mary became the most accomplished science writer of her time. The term scientist was coined to describe her.

Albany, NY – Maria Agnesi (1718-1799). This brilliant daughter of Italian nobility spoke five languages, wrote the first books on abstract geometry, and dreamed of being a nun.

Albany, NY – Anna Morandi Manzolini (1716-1774). Anna was an artist who sculpted detailed anatomical models out of wax that were used in medical schools for centuries to come.

Albany, NY – Laura Bassi (1711-1778). This Italian mother of 12 became the first female professor of physics. She also successfully petitioned her university employer for more responsibility and a higher salary.

Albany, NY – Lilavati (12th century). A noted Indian mathematician wrote a book used to teach algebra called Lilavati (or Leelavati). The book was named after his daughter who was also an excellent mathematician.

Albany, NY – Theano (6th century). Students of algebra are familiar with the Golden Mean, but they may not know who discovered it. Many think it was Pythagoras, but some scholars believe it may have been his wife, Theano.